The problems of modern Kazakhstan laid mainly in ecology, language, politics, economy and education which the bowl is possible to meet the public and the media.
On the existing problems in Kazakhstan it has long been known to the world community and in particular neighboring countries, to address which are sent as internal forces, including the Government of Kazakhstan diligence and surrounding countries.
1. Ecological problems of Kazakhstan:
The Aral Sea dries up generating huge sandy salty soils as a result of the storm and strong winds spread on the territory of Kazakhstan and neighboring countries infected air of dust in the agricultural fields and cities and thereby ruining the lives of people, animals, productive soils and plants;
The tests of nuclear weapons carried out for 40 years at the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, have caused irreparable damage to human health and the environment, caused an increase in overall morbidity and mortality. The entire territory of the Semipalatinsk test site and the surrounding areas of Pavlodar, East Kazakhstan and Karaganda regions recognized as an ecological disaster zone.
The development of mining and processing industry. Are constructed and put into operation large industrial facilities, which leads to an increase in air pollution, environmental deterioration to Kazakhstan as a whole. For many years in the country has accumulated more than two billion tonnes of waste, about a third of which are toxic. The bulk of this waste – the result of the activities of mining and ore-processing industries, enterprises of ferrous metallurgy, petrochemical, building materials production. High levels of carbon monoxide observed in cities such as Almaty, Aktobe, Karaganda, Kostanay, Petropavlovsk, Pavlodar, Semipalatinsk and others. If air is present in several types of pollutants, which is usually the case, the negative effect is strengthened even more. It affects the immune system, which often leads to cancer.
2. The political problems of Kazakhstan:
Domestic policy – after independence, Kazakhstan has not been a free democracy that no pressure could be introduced policy measures to improve the democratic system in the country. The current president of the country since 1991 to lead the country and for some reason, no one is unable to change it to this post.
Foreign Policy – A number of countries in the existence of Kazakhstan inserted into doubt due to the fact that in history there were people under the name of Kazakhs and now the Republic of Kazakhstan should supposedly attached to various parts of the neighboring countries based on reasonable factors. China often claims to the territory of Kazakhstan and the Russian prefer to quickly master the Kazakhstan and return missed their trophies
3. The economic problems of Kazakhstan:
Kazakhstan’s economy and the economy like Russia, Venezuela and some other countries petroleum exporters depend heavily on the price of black gold. Approximately 85% of Kazakhstan’s exports are energy products that with decline in their prices greatly affect the development of Kazakhstan and social life of the country’s population. This is to say that the country is almost lives on subsidized money from inflated oil prices and as has become clear decline in oil prices in late 2014 and in 2008 the treasury is very affected in Kazakhstan (more than 2 times).
Because Kazakhstan is still not looking at the wealth of the country people went to Russia to work, and even for permanent residence because in some areas the rate of unemployment and wages is considered to be very worried.
Although the country has been making efforts for economic independence, but it is unattainable. Thus, according to what has been said the main problems can be said that Kazakhstan, as there were no rich or beautiful, it is not ideal for the living and the introduction of business in mind the existing problems of the country.