TAJIKISTAN MOUNTAINS

Mountains of Tajikistan

Mountains of Tajikistan

93% of Tajikistan’s territory is covered by mountains, and they turned to the highest mountain systems of Central Asia: Tien-Shan and Pamir. Almost half of the territory of Tajikistan is situated at an altitude of over 3000 meters. Huge mountains with numerous gorges and canyons, through the bottom of which flow streams of the mountain rivers. It should also be noted that the mountains of Tajikistan arose at different times.

Video Mountains of Tajikistan:

Sierra Ridge and Mount Kurama Mogoltau located far north of the Republic, part of the structural and mining construction of the western Tien Shan. The length of the ridge Kurama almost 170 km. The highest peak (about Baba, 3768 m.) Is located in the north-eastern part of the mountain range. Small isolated Mogoltau ridge rises to the south-west of the Kurama mountain range, it reaches a height of 1623 m. Mogoltau isolated Mirzarabat passage extends along the Syr Darya River for 40 km. Sierra Mountain Mogoltau Kumenyan and have a height of 320 – 500 m .; left coast part – between the river and the foot of the Turkestan mountain range, rises gradually to the south up to 1000 m.

Фанские горы

Фанские горы

Then follows the Ferghana Valley. The valley is located between the mountain range Chatkal and Kurama ridge Mogoltau and mountains, from the northwest between the Turkestan and Alai ranges. The height of the Fergana valley varies from 320 m on the islands and rivers, the Syr Darya and to 800-1000 m. In the foothills surrounding the valley. To the west of the Ferghana Valley, there is the plain of Hungry steppe, the biggest area, which is located in Tajikistan. Its absolute height – 250-300 meters.

Hissar Mountain chain are central in the territory of Tajikistan and facing to the south of the Tien Shan, including Turkestan, Zarafshan, Hissar, Karategin and Alay mountain ranges. They are surrounded by the Ferghana valley in the north, Hissar, Surhobobom and Alai River on the south. The total length of the mountain ranges of the system from the west to the north – about 900 km.

Turkestan Ridge stretches for 200 km. between Fergana and Zarafshan valleys. Reaching great heights in the eastern part (Pyramid Peak, 5621 m), gradually falls in the north and ends Nuratau mountain chain in Uzbekistan. The southern and northern slopes of Turkestan are very different: the south – almost snowless (8-14 km); northern slope longer and snow levels reach elevations 3500-4000 m. The glaciers are located only in the eastern part of the mountain range.

Photos mountains of Tajikistan:

rechnie-gory

The most significant of them – frame (20 km). Roads connecting Zarafshan and Ferghana dolinozero-goryy pass through Turkestan mountain ranges, many of whom – up to 4000 meters or more in height.

The most important among them is Shakhristan Pass (3351 m). Part of the mountain range between the rivers and Fandarya Kshtut called “Fan Mountains”, which is complex and enormous height (Chimtarga 5495 m).
Hissar mountains separated from Zarafshan, forming the watershed between the basins of the Amu Darya and Zarafshan. Its highest point is located in the eastern and middle parts (the peak is named the 22nd Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) – 4688 km, Kaznok-4491 peak m). Hissar mountain chain has a plurality of passes, the more important of which – Anzob Pass (3372 m). Hissar valley (its length -… About 100 km and width from 1.5 km to 24 km) at the foot extended. Vakhsh Valley is located in the south -. 110 km, width 7 – 25 km.

Pamir Mountains occupy the eastern part of the Pamir mountain range, where the two regions stand out: the Western Pamirs and Eastern Pamirs. The border running between them, connects the mountain range with Zulumart Usoi and Lake Yashilkul.
ozero-goryShort and meridional ridge of the Academy of Sciences is considered the main system composes the Pamir Mountains, the average height is -. 5757 m The lowest pass Casciano Ayak (4340 m) is almost at the level of the Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the Alps. The highest peak of the ridge – Peak Ismail Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), reaches 7495 meters down the slope of the peak flow down several glaciers merging with glacier Garmo.. In the northern part of the mountain range, it is the peak of E. Korjenevskaya (7105 m).

Pamor

Pamir

Pamir Mountains occupy the eastern part of the Pamir mountain range, where the two regions stand out: the Western Pamirs and Eastern Pamirs. The border running between them, connects the mountain range with Zulumart Usoi and Lake Yashilkul.
Short and meridional ridge of the Academy of Sciences is considered the main system composes the Pamir Mountains, the average height is -. 5757 m The lowest pass Casciano Ayak (4340 m) is almost at the level of the Mont Blanc, the highest peak in the Alps.

The highest peak of the ridge – Peak Ismail Somoni (formerly Communism Peak), reaches 7495 meters down the slope of the peak flow down several glaciers merging with glacier Garmo.. In the northern part of the mountain range, it is the peak of E. Korjenevskaya (7105 m).

krasivie-goriWestern Pamirs is characterized by a variety of surfaces and contrast their heights. Foot of the mountain ranges located at an altitude of 1700 – 1800 m. Above sea level and rises to 6000 m and above.. From the north, surrounded by the Pamir Zaalai ridge (whose length – 95 km). Most Alpine Pamir highway that connects with the center of the city of Osh-Khorog GBAO passes through the pass “Kezelart” -4280 m in the eastern part of the Pamirs mountain range located Sarykol (whose height – 5909 m)., Passing with China on the state border. Details of the Pamir mountains

Zarafshon

Zarafshon

Ak-Su. Approximately 120 km south of the city of Khujand is remarkable highlands Ak-Su, famous for the beauty of unspoiled nature and extraordinary mountains. The tops of some mountains, “going wild” for 5000 meters. It Ak-Suu (5355 m), Block (5239 m), Iskander (5120 m) and others. These mountains are composed of thick granite with small bumps and cracks. Climb on it, it seems almost impossible, but climbers easily climb the rocky surface, conquering new heights. Beautiful gorges and passes easily accessible area create ideal conditions for trekking and traveling on horseback.

Video Mount Hissar and Sogd

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