Gardening in Tajikistan

Tajikistan is a favorable region for gardening and at the beginning of 2016 under the direction of the approximately 180 thousand. Hectares of land was occupied, which is more than 25% of the total arable land of the country. In Tajikistan, mainly for gardening meant the cultivation of apples, pears, apricots, plums, peaches, persimmons and other fruit are concentrated on the most noble land of Sughd, Hissar, Rasht and Khatlon regions.

Fruits of Tajikistan

Fruits of Tajikistan

In the year of Tajikistan is growing more than 1 mln. Tons of fruit and about 10-20% of them are exported. The main branded fruit Tajikistan considered apricots, grapes, pears, persimmons, lemons, plums, cherries and walnuts known in the space of many countries, among which mention may be Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and others.

Additional information: Gardening – the oldest agricultural industry. According to archaeologists, irrigated agriculture existed in 8-7 century BC in Central Asia. An indirect proof of the great antiquity of vineyards gardens in Tajikistan is a lovely, well been accumulated local varieties of apricots and grapes in northern regions.

Photo cherry varieties Napaleon

Photo cherry varieties Napaleon

During the 1930-1990 biennium. fruit and berry plantations area by 1983 has increased more than three times and amounted to 67.5 thousand. ha. Even more dramatic changes have occurred in the species composition of gardens. If 1945 in the gardens of Tajikistan accounted for 80% of the area on the stone rocks, only 48% of the area left by 1966 under the stone gardens, the area of ​​pome fruits, subtropical fruit and nut crops occupied 52%; with about 95-97% of pome apple orchards represented the cultural; in 1983, 45% were in pome fruit, stone fruit at 49%, 2% and 3% orehoplodnye to subtropical crops.

During the years of the Tenth Five-Year Plan has developed an intensive horticulture, as slaboroslyh (dwarf) rootstocks and planting of apple varieties of intensive type (spurovye grade). The total area of intensive orchards reached 2,000 hectares in 1983, the large intensive gardens laid in state farm “50 years of Tajikistan” Garm, “Friendship” and Hissar “Margidar” Penjikent.

The price of fruit in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

The price of fruit in Dushanbe, Tajikistan

Climatic conditions in Tajikistan are extremely favorable for obtaining high yields of fruit. Thus, the average yield on state farms “Margidar” and “Novabod” Penjikent is 140 quintals per hectare.

Research institutions of the republic are a lot of work in the field of horticulture and viticulture. Back in the 30s were examined key areas of horticulture and viticulture, carried out the work on the introduction of new varieties and species. At the same time we started to grow new committed to the culture of the republic – lemon, orange, persimmon. In the 60 years of the 20th century, scientists have been surveyed and allocated in nature 353 hectares of rainfed land, which by 1983 created thirteen specialized farms -. The farm to them. Michurin “Fakhrabad”, “Sebiston” experimental sadvinsovhoz Tajik Research Institute of Horticulture and viticulture Horticulture and others.

Разработаны актуальные вопросы садоводства республики: выведены и переданы в государственное сортоиспытание мягкосеменные сорта граната, урожайные сорта хурмы, поздноцветущие сорта персика и др. культур; проведена большая работа по освоению галечниковых земель в Северном и богарных земель в Центральном Таджикистане с разработкой специфических вопросов размещения растений, формирования крон плодовых деревьев, систем содержания и обработки почвы. На юге вскрыты большие возможности получения высоких урожаев сливы, айвы, граната, персика, а в горной зоне семечковых культур – яблони и груши.

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In Tajikistan, almost everywhere, you can produce high-quality fruit for fresh consumption and export to the Urals and Siberia. This trend is well developed, especially in the Sughd region, Khatlon and in areas of the Hissar Valley and parts of the Rasht region.

Production of dried fruit – Kaisa, dried apricots, dried apricot fruit with stones, raisins and sultanas are now concentrated in the Khatlon and Sughd region. Unlike previous years, the new gardens are laid large arrays and, in large part, on an intensive basis.

For information on gardening problems can also be found in the page

http://life.ansor.info/vinograd_tajikistan/

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