There are 18 cities in Tajikistan (as of January 1, 2016,). One of them, the country’s capital Dushanbe ciry, has the status of a separate administrative-territorial unit of the first order, three cities have the status of a city of republican subordination, 7 cities have the status of a city of regional subordination, and 6 are the cities of regional subordination. Most of the cities are located in the northern part of the country on the Sogd region.
Dushanbe - with a population of about a million (975 thousand for a residence permit. at the beginning of 2015). The city is the capital of Tajikistan, Dushanbe obrazovavschiysya in 1925. Dushanbe is the largest scientific and cultural, political, economic, industrial and administrative center of the country. It houses the highest state authorities of the country, including the residence of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan at the Presidential Palace.
Khujand – the second most important city in the country, located 210 km north-east of the capital of Tajikistan (on the road – 341 km), on the banks of the Syr Darya, below Kairakkum reservoir 35 above the Uzbek Bekabad. Khujand has the actual status of the city V last century. Khujand one of the oldest cities of Central Asia – Tajikistan. The second largest city of Tajikistan, with a population of nearly 190 thousand., An important transport hub, political, economic, cultural and scientific center of the country.
Kurgon-Tepa – a city in southwestern Tajikistan, with a population of 102 thousand., Is the administrative center of the Khatlon region. Located 100 kilometers south of Dushanbe, in the center of a rich oasis in the valley of the Vakhsh River. City Kurgontepa considered the third largest city of Tajikistan and the year begins at the beginning of the seventeenth century. At present, the city does not operate large industrial enterprises. Partially works Transformer Plant which needs today investment.
Kulob – a city in the Khatlon region of Tajikistan established in 1934 Kulob one of the oldest cities in the country and it is located in a river valley Yakhsu (Panj pool), at the foot of Hazratishoh, 203 km south-east of the city of Dushanbe.
The population of 99 thousand. Residents as of early 2015. The town’s name apparently derives from tajik lang Kulob – “lake of water” or Kulob – “wetland”, “thicket”
Tursunzoda - former name “Regar” is the most progressive, developed, economically important communication convenient city in the country with a population of 55 thousand. The town was founded in 1952 and renamed in honor of the hero of the Tajik poet Mirzo Tursunzoda people in 1979.
Tursunzoda city is famous for its giant aluminum plant, gardens of vineyards and the river Korato.
Hisor – given the status of city in 2015 during the celebration of 3500 Hissor. It is one of the most ancient cities of Tajikistan and is now one of the region’s economical developed.
Hisor is a famous for its vineyards, Hissar fortress, large breeds of sheep, the largest trading market, the best resorts and beautiful mountains and rivers.
Istaravshan – (Uroteppa) is one of the oldest cities in Tajikistan, as evidenced by archaeological finds of the Stone Age, proving the existence of life on this earth 100,000 years ago. City over the centuries several times changed its name. Relying on primary sources thinkers of ancient Greece Stranoma, Ariana K. Kurtsyya, Rufus and others – modern scholars and archaeologists have proved that Kiropol or Kurukada located on the site of the present city of Istaravshan. Istravshan today has a population of nearly 60 thousand, and is known for its hard-working people who are also skilled in the trade.
Wahdat – the city (from 1965) in the east of the city of Dushanbe, Vahdat district center with a population of 54 thousand (2015). Previously, the city known as Kofarnihon until 2003, Ordzhonikidzeabad until 1992, Yangi Bazaar until 1936. In the city is almost no functioning of industrial enterprises after the collapse of Soviet Union. Residents rather religious and mostly receive income from agriculture and labor migration. Part of the city is connected closely with the residents of the capital of Tajikistan – Dushanbe.
Konibodom- the city (from 1937) in the Sogd region of Tajikistan, with a population of 50 thousand. It is located in the north eastern part of Tajikistan, on the Grand Fergana Canal, held on the southern outskirts of the city, 6 km. from the railway station Konibodom. Through the valley, where the city, the river Isfara. The origin of the name of the city is associated with the word “bodom” – almond “Konibodom” – a source of almonds, almond city. The town was first mentioned in historical acts of the IX century, according to some sources, there was more to the VIII-X centuries. Archaeological excavations conducted in the area Kanibadam show that cultural settlements in the area of the city existed in the second millennium BC. e.
Isfara – industrial city in northern Tajikistan. The administrative center of Isfara district of Sughd region with a population 49-ths. It located in the foothills of Turkestan range, Isfara river. The center of the largest area. Isfara is located in the southeastern part of the Sogd region, at the junction of the two neighboring countries – Uzbekistan and Kirgizystanom. Word of Isfara on some tales comes from the word “Istgohi Farahbahsh” – “a place of grace.”
Penjikent — city with a population of 40 thousand, located in the western Tajikistan, on the left bank of the river Zarafshan. City Pendzhiken is located in the valley of Zarafshan east of the city of Samarkand, at an altitude of 900 meters above sea level. The city is rich with attractions, architectural monuments, beautiful recreation area on the banks of the river Zarafshan. Panjakent is the birthplace of the great Tajik poet – Abuabdulloi Rudaki.
Chkalovsk (Buston)- city in Sogd region of Tajikistan. The city was founded in 1946 as a settlement in the Leninabad Mining and Chemical Combine. Today the city’s population is 30 thousand. This is the first-born of the nuclear industry of the former Soviet Union: from uranium mined and enriched here, launched the first nuclear reactor and made the first Soviet atomic bomb. During Soviet times, closed city had a postal address – Leninabad 30 and-34. With the collapse of the Soviet Union began the process of the mass exodus from the city. For the first 12 years, the city has left 80% of the old population. But in recent years the city’s population began to increase from 26 thousand to 31 900 for 2014. The city has a bus plant, mining equipment and Refining plant. There is an Orthodox church in honor of the Iberian Mother of God, belonging to Dushanbe diocese of the Russian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate).
Horog- (Taj. Horuғ) was formed on the site of two small villages that existed here before the revolution, since 1925 is the capital of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. The city is located at the bottom of a deep ravine, at an altitude of 2000 m above sea level, at the confluence of the Panj, Shahdara and Gunt, right next to the border with Afghanistan; through the city center passes Pamir highway. The city’s population at the beginning of 2015 amounted to 29 thousand.
Norak – a city in Tajikistan, 70 km south-east of the capital “Dushanbe”, the population 28 thousand. It appeared in 1960 on the site of the village as a result of the construction of the Nurek HPS.
- Sarband- city in eastern Tajikistan, located on the Vakhsh river. Distance to Dushanbe – 120 km. Town constructed by Vahshstroy – a grand building early 30-ies of the last century, namely the construction of the main canal tap for irrigation of thousands of hectares of land Vakhsh valley. In 1957, draining canals in the Vakhsh district begins construction HPS. On February 2, 1996 by the resolution of the Majlisi Oli of the Republic №-247 Kalininabad renamed Sarband. In 2015 the city’s population was 16 thousand. The Sarband operates only in Tajikistan and the largest chemical enterprise for the production of mineral fertilizers – CJSC JV “Tajik Azot”.
- Istiklol – city in Sogd region of Tajikistan. Located close to rich deposits of polymetallic ores. Nearby is tailing. About 20 years in this city mined uranium. Then, uranium production was discontinued. Since 1968, in the village operates the plant “Zarya Vostoka” refers to the Ministry of Medium Machine Building. The plant made parts for strategic missiles and rocket engines were tested. After the collapse of the Soviet Union the enterprise partially conserved. The majority of indigenous people to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the outbreak of civil war in the country (1992-1997 gg.) Left from Tajikistan. The vast majority of the population before the collapse of the Soviet Union were Russian. Previous to 2012 the city had the name Taboshar vnem and is home to about 16 thousand. Man.
- Kairakkum (Gulistan) – City (until 1963 – the village, from 1957 to 1962 – Khujand) in Sogd region of Tajikistan. Located on the shore of the reservoir Kairakkum, 8 km. from the train / railway station Leninabad (line Khavast – Kokand). The city’s population of 15.5 thousand inhabitants (2015.). Its name can be translated as “sand without groundwater.” Its foundation, originally as a village, was associated with designing and construction of the dam and hydroelectric power station from 1952 to 1956.
- Rogun – the smallest town in Tajikistan. It located in the valley of the Vakhsh river with a population of 15.4 thousand. Inhabitants (2015). The city has a historical museum, founded in honor of the 30th anniversary of Rogun in 1985. City status for the Rogun faithfully connection with the construction of a giant power plant in the Soviet period.